What is a cataract?

A cataract is a an eye ailment which stems from the natural lens within the eye losing its transparency and results in a reduction of vision in connection with this. 90% of the time it surfaces with advancing age. A cataract is a situation where the lens within the eye loses its transparency and takes an opaque appearance. It is the leading treatable cause of blindness in the world.

What are the causes of cataracts?

While it has no specific known cause, there are numerous risk factors including nutrition and ultraviolet rays.

The most important cause of cataracts is old age. Apart from old age, cataract can also be caused by trauma, following certain other eye surgeries, certain medication and diabetes, as well as uveitis eye pressure, and other eye diseases, as a secondary factor. The development of cataracts speeds up where there is a shortage of vitamin C and where the individual has been subjected to ultraviolet rays.

Cataracts can also be seen during infancy and childhood years.

The treatment of cataracts:

Cataracts cannot be treated with medication. The only treatment is surgery.

The name of the procedure which is known among the public as laser cataract surgery is phacoemulsification. With this method, the cataract within the eye is ground with the aid of a needle, which operates with ultrasonic vibrations, and removed from the eye. This surgery is known in short as the PHACO operation.

Part from special circumstances, general or local anaesthesia is used in cataract surgery today. The patient is prepared for the surgery with just 4-5 eye drops which numb the eye. The patient must then lie down on his/her back in a peaceful state, for 10-15 minutes.

The phaco operation begins with a 2 mm laceration on the transparent layer of the eye, using a diamond knife and a special gel is injected into the eye. This gel protects the tissues within the eyes.

A circular part is removed from the front capsule of the cataract. The hard shell beneath is ground using the end of a needle, which operates with ultrasonic vibrations, and which is known as phaco, shattered and removed from the eye.

A folding lens is placed into the eye with the help of a special injector. The gel is then washed with serum and cleared away from the inside of the eye. Serum is applied to the area of the laceration. Thus, the area of the laceration is closed without the need for stitches. The surgery is now complete.

What should the specifications of the lenses placed in the eye be?

Should the patient require a multifocal lens within the eye in order to be able to see both near and far areas without glasses, he / she must inform his / her doctors. That is because many doctors do not use multifocal lenses unless their patient specifically asks for them, and place standard mono-focal lenses into the eye. This causes patients to lose the advantage of being able to see without near vision glasses. The multifocal lenses we use require a slightly more sensitive surgery when compared to standard cataract lenses.

The use of medication following surgery:

Cortisone and antibiotic eye drops and non-steroid eye drops are used 4-6 times a day, for 3-4 weeks following the operation. The controls following the surgery are after 1 day, 1 week and 1 month (glasses examination).

Etiler Mahallesi 882 Sokak No:5 Antalya / Turkey

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